Confucius (Kongzi) was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period. There were three main philosophy in ancient China, they are Confucianism, Legalism and Taoism, among them, Confucianism emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
It is most popular, even was introduced to Europe and North America.
In China, there are confucius temples in many places, like in Confucius' hometown of Qufu in Shangdong Provinces, and Nanjing. The Temple of Confucius in Beijing is the second largest Confucian Temple in China after the one in Qufu. It was initially built in 1302, and was enlarged twice during the Ming and Qing dynasties, imperial officials used it to pay their respects to Confucius during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
The Temple of Confucius has a total area of 22,000 square meters, the complex includes four courtyards aligned along a central axis. From south to north, the main structures are the Xianshi Gate, Dacheng Gate, Dacheng Hall and Chongshengci. There are 198 stone tablets in the front courtyard, with more than 51,624 names of Jinshi (the advanced scholars) of the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. The other 14 stone stele pavilions recorded the precious historical information of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Besides of the Confucius Temple, it is Guozijian, now they both open for travelers.