The Peking Man World Heritage Site at Zhoukoudian

Peking Man also called Sinanthropus pekinensis, is an example of Homo erectus. Zhoukoudian is a small village situated about 50 km southwest of Beijing.
In 1918, the famous Swedish geologist and archaeologist Johann Gunnar Andersson was told that there were some fossils at the 'Chicken-bone Hill' in Zhoukoudian. He was then serving as an adviser on mineral affairs in the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce of the Chinese Government, and collected a lot of rodent fossils.
In 1921, when Austrian palaeontologists Andersson and Otto Zdansky, surveyed at Zhoukoudian again, local people informed them that there were more fossils on another hill which is named 'Dragon Bone Hill'. They started an excavation, the most important discovery were two human-like teeth this time.  This discovery astonished the scientific world as no this kind of ancient human fossil had been found in Asia before that.
In 1928, two lower jaws of Peking Man were unearthed.
In 1929, the first and almost complete skull cap of Peking Man was found in the red sandy clay in a branching cave.
More and more fossils and Peking Man's tools, even some easy adornments were unearthed in the next years, anthropologists and archaeologists analysed and summed that  
Peking Man made tools with vein quartz, quartz crystals, flint, and sandstones. Another mark of Peking Man's cultural progress is the use of fire.
The exposure of sedimentary strata around Zhoukoudian is quite extraordinary, this site illustrated the process of hominization, in 1987, the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian was formally inscribed on the "World Heritage List".

Peiking Man Site,beijing tour The Peking Man World Heritage Site at Zhoukoudian
The Peking Man World Heritage Site at Zhoukoudian

Editor's Note:  The Peking Man World Heritage Site at Zhoukoudian is far from the city, and not much to see, so we did not list it into the Beijing tour itinerary.   The following Beijing tours are recommended for your first trip to China.     ----China Travel Shanghai (Please e-mail to tansy@chinatravelshanghai for more info) 

010-001 Beijing Day Tour to Badaling Great Wall, Tiananmen square, Forbidden City

010-004 Beijing Day Tour to Badaling Great Wall, Ming Tombs (visit Changling Tomb & Sacred Way)

010-010 Beijing Day Tour to Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

010-021 Beijing Day Tour to Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace

Beijing Tourist Site
Tiananmen Square Mutianyu Great Wall Forbidden City Temple of Heaven
Summer Palace Great Wall at Badaling Chang Tomb of Ming Tombs Beijing Ancient Observatory
Water Cube Peking Opera (Beijing opera) Bell Tower and Drum Tower Great Wall at Simatai
Beijing Zoo Silk Market Yonghegong Lamasery Juyongguan Pass Great Wall
The Great Wall at Jinshanling DinDing Tomb of Ming Tombs Beijing Hutongs Beijing 798 Art Zone
Sacred Road of Ming Tombs Bai Yun Taoism Temple Beijing Botanical Garden Birds Nest
Recumbent Buddha Yuanmingyuan Grand View Garden Liulichang Culture Street
Chinese Kung Fu Show Acrobatic Show Houhai Bar Street-Shichahai The White Dagoba Temple
Hong Qiao Pearl Market Quanjude Peking Roast Duck Biyun Temple Chinese Tea Show
City Planning Exhibition Hall Guo Zi Jian Jingshan (Prosperous Hill) Beihai Park
Donglaishun Hot Pot Jindingxuan Restaurant Wangfujing Street Xi Dan
Cloisonné (Jingtailan) Confucius Temple in Beijing Panjiayuan Antiques Market Chinese Jade Culture
The Niujie Mosque The Peking Man World ......... Guangji Temple Beijing Tao Ran Ting Park
Five-Pagoda Temple Badachu Park  I want to design my Beijing tour plan
 

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